The Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 (CEAA 2012) and its regulations establish the legislative basis for the federal practice of environmental assessment in most regions of Canada.
The purpose of CEAA 2012 is to:
For detailed information on CEAA 2012, please refer to the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency website.
Environmental Assessments (EA) support sustainable development by helping eliminate or reduce a project's potential impact on the environment before it begins, and to ensure mitigation measures are applied once the project is initiated.
EA is a process to predict environmental effects of proposed initiatives before they are carried out. An environmental assessment:
EA is a planning and decision-making tool. The objectives of an environmental assessment are to:
Environmental Assessment Responsibility
The responsibility for conducting an EA rests with:
Designated Projects Requiring an Environmental Assessment
The Regulations Designating Physical Activities identify the physical activities that constitute the
"designated projects" that may require an environmental assessment by the Agency or will require an environmental assessment by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission or by the National Energy Board.
For complete details on the types of projects that are likely to require an EA because of their potential to cause significant adverse environmental effects, please refer to the Regulations Designating Physical Activities list.
For projects on federal lands that are not designated projects, CEAA 2012 requires that before federal authorities (which include Western Economic Diversification Canada) make any decision that would allow a project to proceed, they must determine whether a project is likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects. Federal authorities will report annually to Parliament on the actions taken to fulfill this obligation. Projects outside Canada that receive federal funding or where the Government of Canada is the proponent are subject to this same standard.
Who can I contact for more information?
For additional information on CEAA 2012, refer to the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency website.
You may also contact us at any of our offices by email, telephone, fax or call us at 1-888-338-WEST